Cancer Screening and Diagnostics

Various types of cancers are classified based on site of origin or affected tissues or cells such as Carcinoma, Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Leukemia, Myeloma and Mixed type cancer. Cancer that originates from epithelial layer of cells that form the lining of external part of the body or internal lining of organs within the body are called Carcinoma. Sarcoma originate in connective tissues such as muscles, bones, cartilage. Myeloma type cancer arises from plasma cells of bone marrow. It is a type of blood cancer. Leukemia is a type of cancer in which tumour cells affect blood cells. Cancer originated from lymphatic system is called lymphoma. breast cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer and pancreatic cancer are organ specific cancer. More than 100 types of cancers affect humans. Several types of cancer are formed in liver in which hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer. Colorectal cancer is formation of cancerous cells in colon (large intestine) or rectal; it is also called bowel cancer. Cervical cancer is cancer arising from cervix. Human papillomavirus is the main causative agent in development of the cervical cancer. It is the fourth most common cause of death from cancer in women. Lung cancer is formation of cancerous cells in tissues of lungs.

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